Journal Information
Vol. 89. Issue 1.
Pages 1-210 (January - February 2023)
Disponible módulo formativo: . Saber más
A small contribution on the history of the official implementation of the pediatric otorhinolaryngology in Brazil
Vitor Guo Chen, Shirley Shizue Nagata Pignatari, Reginaldo Raimundo Fujita
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:1-2
Open access
Original articles
Reading and comprehension: phoniatric assessment in students with reading difficulties
Vanessa Magosso Franchi, Mônica Elisabeth Simons Guerra, Beatriz Cavalcanti Albuquerque Caiuby Novaes, Mariana Lopes Favero, Sulene Pirana
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:3-13

  • Learning difficulty.

  • Phoniatric assessment in learning disorders.

  • Phoniatrics and reading and writing learning disorders.

  • Phoniatric assessment and neurodevelopmental disorder.

Open access
Microanatomic analyses of extratemporal facial nerve and its branches, hypoglossal nerve, sural nerve, and great auricular nerve
Ibrahim Erdim, Veysel Gurbuz, Emrah Sapmaz, Selcuk Cetin, Fikret Gevrek
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:14-21

  • The amount of interfascicular connective tissue in sensory and motor nerves.

  • Which nerve graft seems more logical for facial nerve anastomosis.

  • Axons number of great auricular nerve.

Open access
Effect of Wendler glottoplasty on voice and quality of life of transgender women
Mateus Morais Aires, Daniela de Vasconcelos, Jonia Alves Lucena, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Bruno Teixeira de Moraes
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:22-9

  • There was an increase of 47 Hz in fundamental frequency after glottoplasty.

  • There was no worsening in other acoustic measures and quality of voice.

  • Voice-related quality of life improved after surgery.

  • Glottoplasty was safe and effective for feminizing the voice of transgender women.

Open access
Transmastoid exposure of the labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve: an anatomical study
Gulay Guclu Aslan, Asim Aslan, Selcuk Surucu
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:30-4

  • Surgical decompression of the labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve is important.

  • The main approach is the middle fossa approach, which has serious morbidities.

  • It is also possible to reach the labyrinthine segment by transmastoid approach.

  • Detailed anatomic knowledge about surgical area for the transmastoid approach is essential.

Open access
Descriptive study of goat external and middle ear through computed tomography and endoscopic evaluation, compared with the human ear
Larissa Leal Coutinho, Pâmella Marletti de Barros, Mariana de Carvalho Leal, Silvio da Silva Caldas Neto, Thiago Freire Pinto Bezerra
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:35-47

  • The goat ear anatomy model is highly accessible in developing countries.

  • The goat's external auditory canal is tortuous and long.

  • The goat bone canal has a bony prominence in its lower portion.

  • It is necessary to drill the bone prominence to visualize the entire tympanic membrane.

  • The goat model allows training with an endoscope and otological surgery steps.

Open access
Analgesia after tonsillectomy with controlled intravenous morphine — overdue or exaggerated?
Magdalena Gostian, Johannes Loeser, Tanya Bentley, Philipp Wolber, David Schwarz, Matthias Balk, Antoniu-Oreste Gostian
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:48-53

  • Postoperative pain intensities following tonsillectomy regularly reach high levels.

  • So far there is no effective evidence-based treatment concept.

  • Strong opioids for pain treatment have not been evaluated yet.

  • Patient Controlled Intravenous Analgesia is effective in multiple disciplines.

  • After tonsillectomy opioids are not a necessary and effective therapeutic option.

Open access
Using RSI and RFS scores to differentiate between reflux-related and other causes of chronic laryngitis
Claudia Alessandra Eckley, Rodrigo Tangerina
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:54-9

  • Reflux laryngitis is highly prevalent in the adult population sharing symptoms of laryngeal and pharyngeal inflammation with a number of inflammatory, infectious and traumatic conditions.

  • Diagnosis of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux is challenging and mainly based on suggestive symptoms and videolaryngoscopic signs of inflammation. Objective tests, such as prolonged esophageal ph-metry and impedance-pHmetry, are costly and have low sensitivity.

  • To minimize the subjectivity of clinical diagnosis for Laryngopharyngeal Reflux a number of scores have been proposed, being the most widely used the Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and the Reflux Finding Score (RFS).

  • The current study used the RSI and the RFS to try to differentiate between the most common causes of inflammatory and traumatic chronic pharyngitis and laryngitis.

Open access
The effect of honey on post-tonsillectomy pain relief: a randomized clinical trial
Azmeilia Syafitri Lubis, H.R. Yusa Herwanto, Andrina Y.M. Rambe, Delfitri Munir, Harry A. Asroel, Taufik Ashar, Aznan Lelo
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:60-5

  • Honey has effectiveness accelerates and facilitates wound healing.

  • Gargling with honey led to reduced pain following tonsillectomy.

  • Honey was found to lower prostaglandin levels and elevate nitric oxide.

  • Honey can be used as an adjunctive regimen after surgery for better pain control.

  • Honey is easy to use, safe to consume orally and available at low cost locally.

Open access
Predictive value of radiologic studies for malignant otitis externa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Do Hyun Kim, Sung Won Kim, Se Hwan Hwang
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:66-72

  • The initial diagnosis of necrotizing otitis externa has not been established.

  • CT and MRI are the currently preferred imaging modalities.

  • The diagnostic sensitivity of technetium-99m, gallium-67, and MRI was favorable.

Open access
Experimental cholesteatoma: a comparison between spontaneous and induced models
Felipe da Costa Huve, Jefferson André Bauer, Fábio André Selaimen, Maurício Noschang Lopes da Silva, Sady Selaimen da Costa
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:73-8

  • Cauterization of the Gerbils’ auditory tube not always induce cholesteatoma formation.

  • Gerbils’ models of cholesteatoma may differ from each other and those seen in humans.

  • Gerbils’ external auditory canal obliteration induces cholesteatoma in all cases.

Open access
The efficacy of corticosteroid after facial nerve neurorrhaphy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trial
Prapitphan Charoenlux, Nattawan Utoomprurkporn, Kachorn Seresirikachorn
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:79-89

  • The benefits of corticosteroid after facial nerve neurorrhaphy are questionable.

  • Corticosteroid was not provided benefits after coaptation in complete transection.

  • The benefits were judged by electrophysiology, histology, and functional recovery.

Open access
Ectopic thymic tissue in subglottis of children: evaluation and management
Yihang Lin, Junyang Li, Lianyan Xue, Peixuan Sun, Qiao He, Youjin Li
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:90-7

  • Subglottic ectopic thymic tissue is rare and unexpected cause of stridor in children.

  • The knowledge of the typical ultrasonographic features can provide a hint to make a definitive diagnosis before surgery.

  • Modified laryngofissure may be an effective approach to removing the subglottic ectopic thymus and reconstructing the intact subglottic mucosa.

Open access
Prognostic role of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume in Bell’s palsy: Comparison of diabetic and non-diabetic patients
Serhat İnan, Sabuhi Jafarov
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:98-103

  • NLR is a valuable prognostic indicator for diabetic and non-diabetic patients with BP.

  • NLR is significantly higher in the nonDM-BP and DM-BP groups than in healthy controls.

  • A high NLR is associated with higher stage HBS before treatment.

  • MPV is not significantly different in diabetic and non-diabetic BP patients.

  • The recovery rate according to the HBS was 90% in BP, and not affected by diabetes.

Open access
Phoniatric evaluation: relationships between a set of tests and academic difficulties
Carolina Christofani Sian Kencis, Beatriz Cavalcanti de A.C. Novaes
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:104-13

  • Relationship between tests used in the phoniatric assessment and the complaint of academic difficulties.

  • Reading, text comprehension and dictation assessment: statistically significant correlation.

  • Allows prioritizing evidence that may be more related to the complaint.

  • It does not replace a complete phoniatric assessment.

Open access
Critical analysis of moderate and severe retractions in the pars tensa and pars flaccida of the tympanic membrane
Inesângela Canali, Letícia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, Vittoria Dreher Longo, Sady Selaimen da Costa
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:114-21

  • The literature is scarce in demonstrating the correlation between the degree of severity of retractions and the degree of hearing loss.

  • To analyse the differences in the location, the severity, and the air-bone gap of moderate and severe tympanic membrane retractions.

  • After a global analysis of the behavior these retractions, we observed the need for classifications that evaluate them globally.

  • Identification of these gaps in literature is relevant so that the focus may be shifted on these topics and proper studies may be implemented.

Open access
Smartphone-enabled otoscopy: method evaluation in clinical practice
Fernanda Dal Bem Kravchychyn, Ana Taíse de Oliveira Meurer, Maria Helena Salgado Delamain Pupo Nogueira, Fernando Oto Balieiro, Fernando de Andrade Balsalobre, Iulo Sérgio Barauna Filho, Aldo Eden Cassol Stamm
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:122-7

  • The images allowed a reliable diagnosis of ear pathologies.

  • There was a high diagnostic agreement between the two evaluated methods.

  • The feasibility of using the device in clinical practice was demonstrated.

Open access
Development and validation of a 3D laryngeal model in surgical skills training
Thiago Victal Saliba, Rui Sérgio Monteiro de Barros
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:128-35

  • 3D model adequate for training in laryngeal endoscopic surgery.

  • Simulation of different vocal fold lesions.

  • Learning and teaching of laryngeal microsurgery in the laboratory.

  • Surgical training with low cost, accessibility and replicability.

  • New technologies for acquiring surgical skills.

Open access
Early postoperative endoscopic score can predict the long-term endoscopic outcomes in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) patients
Kosuke Akiyama, Yasushi Samukawa, Hiroshi Hoshikawa
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:136-43

  • Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis is a poor prognosis and refractory disease.

  • We assessed the long-term endoscopic outcomes after surgery and following treatment.

  • Early postoperative endoscopic findings are a predictive factor for the later outcomes.

  • Higher endoscopic score of 3 months post operation indicates poor long-term prognosis.

Open access
Simulation-based training in ear, nose and throat skills and emergencies
Goutham MK, Marina Saldanha, Vadisha S. Bhat, Rajeshwary A, Mark Jittu Vincent, Aishwarya Ravikumar
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:144-51

  • Simulation in ENT training develops cognition, psychomotor skills and confidence.

  • Hybrid teaching method enhances the knowledge and psychomotor skills.

  • Simulation training followed by objective assessment improves retention and application.

Open access
Modified bilateral fasciaperichondrial flap for prominent ear correction
Abdulhalim Aysel, Berrak Karatan, Uğurtan Ergün, Togay Müderris
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:152-8

  • Prominent ear deformity is the most common congenital head and neck deformity.

  • Various techniques have been described for prominent ear correction.

  • Modified bilateral fasciaperichondrial flap technique is used with low complications.

Open access
Review articles
Task force Guideline of Brazilian Society of Otology ‒ hearing loss in children – Part I ‒ Evaluation
Vagner Antonio Rodrigues Silva, Henrique Furlan Pauna, Joel Lavinsky, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Melissa Ferreira Vianna, Mariana Leal, Eduardo Tanaka Massuda, Rogério Hamerschmidt, ... Arthur Menino Castilho
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:159-89
Open access
Task force Guideline of Brazilian Society of Otology – hearing loss in children – Part II — Treatment
Vagner Antonio Rodrigues Silva, Henrique Furlan Pauna, Joel Lavinsky, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Melissa Ferreira Vianna, Mariana Leal, Eduardo Tanaka Massuda, Rogério Hamerschmidt, ... Arthur Menino Castilho
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:190-206
Open access
Case reports
Delayed vocal fold palsy caused by an undetected fish bone impacted in the tracheoesophageal groove
Daquan Wu, Meng Wang, Na Shen
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:207-9
Open access
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology (English Edition)
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Articles submitted as of May 1, 2022, which are accepted for publication will be subject to a fee (Article Publishing Charge, APC) payment by the author or research funder to cover the costs associated with publication. By submitting the manuscript to this journal, the authors agree to these terms. All manuscripts must be submitted in English.. Os artigos submetidos a partir de 1º de maio de 2022, que forem aceitos para publicação estarão sujeitos a uma taxa (Article Publishing Charge, APC) a ser paga pelo autor para cobrir os custos associados à publicação. Ao submeterem o manuscrito a esta revista, os autores concordam com esses termos. Todos os manuscritos devem ser submetidos em inglês.