Journal Information
Vol. 89. Issue 6.
(November - December 2023)
The proliferation of medical schools in Brazil: a threat to the quality of medical education?
José Eduardo Lutaif Dolci
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101354
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Original articles
Mapping of SARS-CoV-2 in Waldeyer’s lymphatic ring and visceral biopsies: the age and the illness duration’s impact
Jose Ramón Alba, Enrique Zapater, Cristina Martin, Dolores Ocete, Alfonso Gonzalez-Cruz, Angel Angel-de-Miguel, Carolina Ferrer, Natsuki Oishi
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101317

  • Disease interval and age were associated with RT-PCR positive in multiple organs.

  • In older and those with a shorter disease interval: greater number of positive.

  • In Waldeyer’s ring tissue and lung both factors are statistically significant.

  • After 30 days, PCR+ has steel been detected in the lungs and Waldeyer’s tissue.

  • RT-PCR+ in the lung and Waldeyer’s tissue, even after 65 days.

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Efficacy and predictors of success on laryngomalacia surgery: experience from a tertiary pediatric care center in Brazil
Renata Loss Drummond, Rita Carolina Pozzer Krumenauer Padoin, Bárbara Duarte Salgueiro, José Faibes Lubianca Neto
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101315

  • A sample of 75 children with severe laryngomalacia undergone supraglottoplasty.

  • The global success rate of the surgery on the first month was 77%.

  • It was associated with low morbidity: no complications were found.

  • Comorbidities and synchronous airway lesions reduced the surgical success rate.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux was not shown to be a predictor of a poor surgical result.

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A new treatment for cervical dizziness
Cesar Bertoldo Garcia, Nedison Gomes Paim Alves, Roseli Saraiva Moreira Bittar
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101321

  • Dizziness is related to pain in patients diagnosed with Cervical Dizziness (CD).

  • Dizziness is related to muscle tension asymmetry in the CD.

  • The new treatment with carbon nanotubes is effective in treating patients with CD.

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Versatility and outcomes of lateral arm free flap in head and neck reconstruction: a retrospective case series study of our experiences and innovations
Mailudan Ainiwaer, Lixiao Fan, Zheng Jiang, Chenyili Xiong, Fei Chen, Deying Gu, Jun Liu
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101334

  • Hypopharyngeal patients are more prone to psychosocial stress.

  • The LAFF is a versatile and multi-purpose flap with high success rate.

  • The LAFF can be used in esophageal and tracheal reconstruction.

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Analysis on the pharyngeal microbiota in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux disease
Jintang Zhang, Xiaofan Fan
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101331

  • The laryngopharynx microbiota was different between the healthy and LPRD.

  • The laryngopharynx microbiota between treatment-effective and -invalid LPRD.

  • Klebsiella oxytoca has potential to distinguish treatment outcomes.

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Evaluation of the breathing mode by infrared thermography
Yasmim Carvalho Telson, Renata Maria Moreira Moraes Furlan, Matheus Pereira Porto, Rafael Augusto Magalhães Ferreira, Andréa Rodrigues Motta
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101333

  • Physiological changes in temperature during the respiratory cycle.

  • Inspiration, there is cooling of the nose.

  • Expiration, heating.

  • Thermography as a non-invasive respiratory mode assessment tool.

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Treatment outcome of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma through propensity score analysis
Fabio Lau, Matheus Lisatchok, Jonas Belchior Tamanini, Fabio Portela Gazmenga, Daniel Naves Araújo Texeira, Eduardo Vieira Couto, Carlos Takahiro Chone
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101335

  • Type of treatment was associated with death, but not with recurrence.

  • In the surgical treatment group, overall survival was 36.4% at five years.

  • In the non-surgical treatment group, overall survival was 21.8% at five years.

  • In the surgical treatment group, disease-free survival was 64.8% at five years.

  • In the non-surgical treatment group, disease-free survival 67.2% at five years.

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International Frontal Sinus Anatomy Classification (IFAC): evaluation of frontoethmoidal cells prevalence in a Brazilian population
Ruth Ellen Fernandes de Castro Dantas Braz, Mariana Dalbo Contrera Toro, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, Vinicius Silles Brandão Machado, Eulalia Sakano
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101309

  • The IFAC proposes seven types of frontoethmoidal cells.

  • This study is the first to evaluate prevalence of cells according to IFAC in Brazil.

  • This classification has a high Intraclass Correlation Coefficient.

  • Agger nasi cell was the most prevalent cell in this study.

  • Supra bulla frontal cell was the least prevalent cell.

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Beginner’s Intelligibility Test (BIT): translation, cultural adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese and validation
Carla Dias da Silva, Nelma Ellen Zamberlan-Amorim, Myriam de Lima Isaac, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101311

  • BIT can be useful for assessing speech intelligibility of children.

  • BIT can be applied in the evaluation, follow-up and intervention.

  • The translated and adapted version of the BIT showed good reliability parameters.

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Review articles
Comparison of prophylactic ipsilateral and bilateral central lymph node dissection in papillary thyroid carcinoma: a meta-analysis
Yujie Li, Lingling Lao
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101318

  • The permanent hypoparathyroidism was remarkably higher in patients in the bilateral CND group compared to the ipsilateral CND group.

  • Ipsilateral CND may be comparable to bilateral CND in terms of local recurrence and transient/permanent RLN injury.

  • Ipsilateral CND may be an appropriate treatment forcN0 unilateral PTC.

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Which are the best murine models to study Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis? A contemporary review
Francisco Leite-Santos, Edwin Tamashiro, Adriana de Andrade Batista Murashima, Wilma T. Anselmo-Lima, Fabiana C.P. Valera
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101328

  • BALB/c mice seem to produce a more robust eosinophilic response than C57BL/6 mice.

  • OVA and SEB protocol was the one that most resembled to ECRS.

  • OVA and AP protocol also induced inflammation similar to ECRS, but to a lesser extent.

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Cross-cultural adaptation of the new Reynell developmental language scales to Brazilian Portuguese
Carla A.U. Fortunato Queiroz, Myriam de Lima Isaac, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101332

  • The NRDLS evaluates the verbal comprehension and production of children up to 7 years.

  • Cross-cultural adaptation of the NRDLS was made for Portuguese spoken in Brazil.

  • The version adapted to Brazilian Portuguese was similar to the original NRDLS.

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Brazilian Society of Otology task force – Vestibular Schwannoma ‒ evaluation and treatment
Vagner Antonio Rodrigues Silva, Joel Lavinsky, Henrique Furlan Pauna, Melissa Ferreira Vianna, Vanessa Mazanek Santos, Cláudio Márcio Yudi Ikino, André Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Paula Tardim Lopes, ... Arthur Menino Castilho
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101313

  • In asymmetric SNHL, MRI should be performed regardless of ABR results.

  • Gadolinium-enhanced MRI is the gold standard exam for suspected VS.

  • Intervention is indicated for tumors with significant growth (≥2 mm/year) and/or on Koos grade III and IV.

  • Radiotherapy may be indicated as primary treatment in selected cases; however, there is still controversy surrounding long-term effectiveness and safety, especially in young patients.

  • Surgery is superior to radiotherapy in order to preserve serviceable hearing in patients with VS.

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Case reports
Cochlear implant for profound hearing loss post COVID-19 complications
Amanda Sampaio Almeida, Fernando Kaoru Yonamine, Alexandra Dezani Soares, Norma de Oliveira Penido, Oswaldo Laercio Mendonça Cruz
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101320

  • COVID-19 has been associated to Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

  • Cochlear implants may benefit patients with profound hearing loss post COVID-19.

  • Hearing rehabilitation should not be postponed in cases of deafness post COVID-19.

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Vallecular varicose lesion: A rare etiology for upper aerodigestive tract hemorrhage
Elaine Costa, Vinícius Domene, Yuri Costa Farago Fernandes, Thiago Pires Brito, Graziela de Oliveira Semenzati, Agrício Nubiato Crespo
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101330
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Letters to the editor
Unveiling evolving surgical landscape amidst the pandemic: a comprehensive analysis
Fábio Lobato de Campos Oliveira, Renato Assis Machado, Rubens Gonçalves Teixeira
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2023;89:101329
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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology (English Edition)
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